Analyzing Color Imaging Failure on Consumer Grade Cameras

As part of a collaboration with Scanwell Health, we worked on doing color correction for smartphone devices. This is vital for doing accurate medical testing at home.

Abstract: There are many efforts to employ consumer-grade cameras for home-based health and wellness monitoring. Such applications rely on users to capture images for analysis using their personal cameras in a home environment. When color is a primary feature for diagnostic algorithms, the camera requires calibration to ensure accurate color measurements. Given the importance of these diagnostic tests for the users’ health and well-being, it is important to understand the conditions in which color calibration may fail. To this end, we analyzed a wide range of camera sensors and environmental lighting to determine (1) how often color calibration failure is likely to occur and (2) the underlying reasons for failure. Our analysis shows that it is rare to encounter a camera sensor and lighting condition combination that results in color imaging failure. Moreover, when color imaging does fail, the cause is almost always attributed to spectral poor environmental lighting and not the camera sensor. We believe this finding is useful for scientists and engineers developing color-based applications for use with consumer-grade cameras.